Here is a summary about the different steps witch led to the creation to the WORLD MUSIC concept that I go through in my lectures.
THE CONCEPT WORLD MUSIC
The music has been around the world for over a thousand years. Each country or region in this world had its own specific term, which was limited in the region itself. The music was present but did not just reach out to the people. The term "World Music" opened the doors of world music to each other
Jesse Walter Fewkes - The first field recording, 1890
On march 15, 1890, ethnographer Jesse Walter Fewkes was the first man to use a phonograph to record indigenous people for study. He walked out onto a field in Calais, Maine, and, pumping a foot treadle for power, recorded a Passamaquoddy Indian singing a salutation song. The first field recording of traditional music ever made, the song he captured was heard around the world, creating a revolution in music that continues today.
ETHNOMUSICOLOGY - PART 2
Many expeditions and recordings were made in the early 1900s in Africa and the Caribbean by French, English and American musicologists. One of the earliest recordings known is the Native American Ghost Dance in 1894 recorded by James Mooney. Many other recordings were later made by other musicologists such as Laura Crayton Boulton, Noël Ballif, Henri Lhote, Gilberd Rougetm Pierre Gaisseau, etc.
India's first album belongs to Gauhar Jaan, who sang a khayal in Raag Jogiya, recorded on November 2, 1902 by Fred Gaisberg, an assistant to Emile Berliner, the father of Gramophone record, who left America to become the first recording engineer with the gramophone company, London
5- Alan Lomax & Paul Bowles, Bela Bartok - The pionniers
They recorded the shamanic chants of the Siberian rim; the dying folk music of isolated European villagers; the ecstatic gamelon sounds of Bali; the trance drumming of Africa. They lugged their ponderous gear into the high Andes and to remote pacific islands. Some of their names are well-known as Paul Bowles, Alan Lomax, Bela Bartok, Gilbert Rouget, Ida Halpern, Henry Cowell, Henrietta Yurchenco, laura Boulton, others are unknown and unsung. They did more than bring back sound. They brought back adventure; they broadened the idea of what music meant and what culture could produce. These musics will attract the attention of European producers in the 80´ and will be marketed under the label world music in july 1987.
60 - 70´S
The 60's and 70's were the independence years for the majority of the countries in Western Africa. The euphoria of this independence led to the creation of modern urban music such as highlife, afro-beat, jujumusic in Nigeria and Ghana, rumba in the Congo, and Salsa in Senegal, as well as the emergence of national orchestras. thanks to support from the cultural policy that countries like Guinea and Mali introduced.
The 60's and 70's were also the period of Tropicalia in Brazil, New York's salsa and Reggae in Jamaica. It was also the Beatles and Rolling Stones trip to India & Morocco and their collaboration with Ravi Shankar & The Master of Jajouka.
Nigeria, Congo (RDC), Mali, Guinea or Sénégal were the countries that dominated the African music industry with the largest number of recordings, the largest number of record companies, producers, artists and orchestras like Orchestre Bembeya jazz, orchestra TPOK jazz, orchestra Paillotte, Orchestre Veve, Orchestra KO jazz, Hide Kuti, Rail Band etc .
FROM BEATLES TO RAVI RANSHAR
Brian Eno with the Rolling Stones, Georges Harrison with the Beatles, Mike Hart, Robert Plant, Don Cherry are some musicians who in the 1970s were the first to give attention to music from India, Africa and the Caribbean through their collaboration with the master of sitar Ravi Shankar, the master of Jajouka from Morocco,
Attention to music from the continent continued to grow in the 80's thanks to artists like Paul Simon, Peter Gabriel, Ry Cooder and all these record producers who made slowly world music establish itself and get a place in the shelves of all record stores july 14,1987.
AFRICA FÊTE - MAMADOU KONTÉ
Mamadou Konté created in the late 70's the first African festival in Paris where he gathered the African music immigrants like Touré's customer, Salif keita, Djaml Allem to draw attention to the situation of African workers in France. The festival received great attention and great success and became the first African festival and the foundation for world music in France.
BOB MARLEY THE MESSAGER OF THE WORLD MUSIC
While Abidjan gathered in the 70's the best artists from continent where the working conditions were better, a young man from Jamaica med named Bob Marley, managed to export and introduce Jamaican music in Europe and everywhere in the world. His music emerging from a small island far into the Pacific will be the bearer of messages of struggle and love and quickly succeed spread to the whole planet. The reggae will quickly inspire many famous artists as Gainsbourg and Jorge Ben and pave the way for world music origin with artists such as Alpha Blondy, Touré Kunda, Salif Keita, Lucky Dube etc ....
LES TOURE KUNDA - FELA KUTI
Toure Kunda was one of the first successful African bands in France in the 80's. With the song Emma, a mix of African, funk, reggae and pop, the band managed to get in touch with the French record companies Celluloid and get their first contract. The song Emma became a major success in France and thus opened the way for world music success in the early 80's while Fela Kuti gathered around 9000 spectators at a Paris concert 1981. Said has interviewed Kuti's manager Rikki Stein and producer Martin Meissonier.
WOMAD & FESTIVAL DES MUSIQUES MÉTISSES
WOMAD (World of Music, Arts and Dance) is the largest international music fair founded in 1980 in London, and will be the first festival in 1982 to open its doors for artists from Africa, Asia and other parts of the world to give the opportunity to play liveon the English and French scenes as well as the festival Mêtisses in France witch did the same one year earlier. Said has interviewed Thomas Brooman and Gilbert Mousset, the key players behind the creation of Womad and the Festival Mêtisses.
Syllard productions, World circuit, Real world, Sonodisc, Sonima, Fania, Stern's music, Shanachie, Club du disque Arabe, Debs are some of the many record companies behind the world's major production. In this lecture, I´ll explain and talk about the different roles of the record companies in the success of world music.
80´s - THE BIG BOOM
It’s during the 80's that the world music really exploded. Many musical and political events has happened.Many artists from Africa and the Caribbean moved to the European capitals looking for better carrier, as Pierre Akendengue, Touré kunda, Salif Keita, Papa Wemba etc.. Others as kassav, sunny Ade, salif keita, got even gold awards. It was during this period that the interest of Europeen producers in producing and promoting pop music from others countries, particurlaly from Africa picked upp speed.
RADIO NOVA - BBC
The 80's saw the birth of many festival, record producers, promoters, musicians and journalists. They were interested in highlighting and spreading the music they discovered and fell in love with. The frensh magazine Actuel, the newspaper Libération and Radio Nova in France, and the BBC 1, DJs Charlie Gillett, Andy Kershaw, Lucy Duran, John Peel, Alexis Corner, Verity Sharp and the list is long, made discover these music from distant lands to the public. I´have interviewed few important actors from Radio Nova, BBC, Rfi
THE EMPRESS OF RUSSIA MEETING
In In 1987, the concept of world music was chosen for marketing purposes at a pub in London. Eva and found and visited the pub "The Empress of Russia". We also succeded to interview most of the participants from that historic meeting as Ben Mandelson, Roger Armstrong, Thomas Brooman, Steve Haddrell, Mark Kidel, Ian A. Anderson, Mary Farquharson, Nick Gold, Iain Scott , Robert Urbanus and Joe Boyd. Said tells about the meeting with the participants and the story behind the creation of the term.
WOMEX (World Music Expo) is the world's largest fair for folk and world music. It started in 1994 and takes place every year in any European country. Previous locations for WOMEX have been: Berlin (1994, 1999, 2000), Brussels (1995), Marseille (1997), Stockholm (1998), Rotterdam (2001), Essen (2002, 2004), Newcastle upon Tyne Seville (2003, 2006, 2007, 2008), Copenhagen (2009, 2010, 2011), Thessaloniki (2012) and Cardiff (2013), Santiago de Compostela (2014), Budapest (2015), Santiago de Compostela Spain (2016) Katowice, Poland (2017). Said tells more about the fair.
DIFFERENT MUSIC GENRES
There are several hundred different genres of world music. Afro, Samba, Salsa, Balkan, Rai, Rumba, Flamenco, Fado, Bollywood, Bhangra, belly dance are the most common. Said makes an overview of the different genres and the countries from where they come from
An overview of the major world music artists and their successes. From the legend Oum Kaltoum to queen of Fado Amalia Rodrigues, Fairuz, Ravi Shankar, Viktor Jara, Manu Dibango, Fela Kuti, Youssou Ndour, Celia Cruz, Meriam Makeba, Paco de Lucia, Mikhis Theodorakis , Meriam Makeba, Youssou Ndour, Cheb Khaled, Astor Piazzola, Tinariwen & more
A overview of some of the best-selling world music records. Buana Vista social Club, Gotan Project ( La revancaha del Tango ), Manu Chao ( Clandestino ), Youssou Ndour ( 7 seconds ) , Ali Farka Touré - Ry Cooder, Nusrath Fatah Ali Khan ( Must, must ), Cesaria Evaora ( Sodad ) Khaked ( Didi )
• Listening to some music styles
• Presentation of various musical instruments