LECTURE ABOUT WORLD MUSIC

 

   Said shares his experience and knowledge and gives his view on the concept world music and its meaning based on unique interviews with the persons who coined the concept 1987 in London, as well as other important actors in world music history. Said also makes a review in his lectures about various musical genres, the major world music events, famous artists and their successes, about different record companies, and shows various world music gadgets (posters, instruments, unique documents, film documentaries, cassettes, etc.)

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SUMMARY WORLD MUSIC LECTURE
Here is a summary about the different steps witch led to the creation to the WORLD MUSIC concept that I go through in my lectures.

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THE CONCEPT WORLD MUSIC

world music is a concept that appeared early in the 60s and even before. It has been used since its appearance for various purposes as studies, festivals, seminars, label etc. ... but in the late 1980s the name was chosen for a commercial purpose. The term offered to the musicians from the third world a place on record shelves in all the music stores in the world behind the pop, rock, jazz, soul, classic music sections.
To clarify the real sens of world music, Eva & me succeeded over the years to interview most of the participants who cointed the term world music in 1987 in London, We also interviewed more than 50 others important actors behind the behind the history of world music.

 

 

 

 

 

ETHNOMUSICOLOGY - PART 1

The music has been around the world for over a thousand years. Each country or region in this world had its own specific term, which was limited in the region itself. The music was present but did not just reach out to the people.The term "World Music" opened the doors of world music to each other.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ETHNOMUSICOLOGY - PART 2

 

Many expeditions and recordings were made in the early 1900s in Africa and the Caribbean by French, English and American musicologists. One of the earliest recordings known is James Mooney, who recorded various Native American Ghost Dance in 1894. Many other recordings were later made by other musicologists such as Laura Crayton Boulton, Noël Ballif, Henri Lhote, Gilberd Rougetm Pierre Gaisseau, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAUHAR JAAN

 

India's first album belongs to Gauhar Jaan, who sang a khayal in Raag Jogiya, recorded on November 2, 1902 by Fred Gaisberg, an assistant to Emile Berliner, the father of Gramophone record, who left America to become the first recording engineer with the gramophone company, London

                                                                                                     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

50 - 60´S

 

In the 50's and 60's, record companies like Occora, Smithsonian Folkways, Ethnic Folkways, Inédits, Arion, Westminister, and later Harmonia, Chants du monde produced traditional music from different continents and was labeled Etnomusic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60 - 70´S

60's and 70's was the independence years for the majority of the countries in Western Africa. The euphoria of this independence led to the creation of modern urban music such as highlife, afro-beat or jujumusic in Nigeria and Ghana, rumba in the Congo of Franco and Salsa in Senegal, as well as the emergence of national orchestras thanks to support from the cultural policy that countries like Guinea and Mali introduced.
Together with these state-funded regional and national orchestras, private orchestras also arose. The 60's and 70's were also the period of Tropicalia in Brazil, New York's salsa and Reggae in Jamaica. It was also the Beatles and Rolling Stones trip to India & Morocco and their collaboration with Ravi Shankar, The Master of Jajouka.

 

 

 

 

 

70-80´s

Nigeria, Congo (RDC), Mali, Guinea or Sénégal were the countries that dominated the African music industry with the largest number of recordings, the largest number of record companies, producers, artists and orchestras like Orchestre Bembeya jazz, orchestra TPOK jazz, orchestra Paillotte, Orchestre Veve, Orchestra KO jazz, Hide Kuti, Rail Band etc .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FROM BEATLES TO RAVI RANSHAR

Brian Eno with the Rolling Stones, Georges Harrison with the Beatles, Mike Hart, Robert Plant, Don Cherry, Ry Cooder are some musicians who in the 1970s were the first to give attention to music from India, Africa and the Caribbean through their meetings with Ravi Shankar, the master of Jajouka, Hide Kuti etc … The attention of music from the continent continued to grow in the 80's thanks to artists like Paul Simon, Peter Gabriel, Ry Cooder and record producers who got world music to slowly establish themselves and get a place in the shelves of 1987

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AFRICA FÊTE - MAMADOU KONTÉ

Mamadou Konté created in the late 70's (1978) the first African festival in Paris where he gathered the African music immigrants like Touré's customer, Salif keita, to draw attention to the relationship of African workers in France. The festival received great attention and great success and became the first African festival and the foundation for world music origination in France.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOB MARLEY THE MESSAGER OF THE WORLD MUSIC


While Abidjan gathered in the 70's the best artists from continent where the working conditions were better, a young man from the West, named Bob Marley, managed to export and introduce Jamaican music in Europe and everywhere in the world a few years earlier. His music emerging from a small island far into the Pacific will be the bearer of messages of rebellion and love and quickly succeed spread to the whole planet. The reggae will quickly inspire many famous artists from Gainsbourg to Jorge Ben and pave the way for world music origination with artists such as Alpha Blondy, Touré Customer, Salif Keita, Lucky Dube etc ....

 

 

 

 

 

 

LES TOURE KUNDA - FELA KUTI

Toure Kunda was one of the first successful African bands in France in the 80's. With the song Emma, a mix of African, funk, reggae and pop, the band managed to get in touch with the French record companies Celluloid and get their first contract. The song became a major success in France and thus opened the way for world music success in the early 80's while Fela Kuti gathered around 9000 spectators at a Paris concert. Said has interviewed Kuti's manager Rikki Stein and producer Martin Meissonier.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WOMAD & FESTIVAL DES MUSIQUES MÉTISSES

WOMAD (World of Music, Arts and Dance) is the largest international music fair founded in 1980 in London, and since its inception in 1982, together with the festival of musique's mêtisses in France, it has been the first two festivals that opened the doors for artists from Africa, Asia and other parts of the world and give the opportunity to perform on the English and French scenes. Said has interviewed Thomas Brooman and Gilbert Mousset, the key players behind the creation of Womad and the Festival of Musical Mêtisses, to find out how the festivals were created and influenced the European scenes with music by artists from Asia, Africa and the Caribbean.

 

 

 

 

 

 

LABELS -PRODUCENTS

Syllard productions, World circuit, Real world, Sonodisc, Sonima, Fania, Stern's music, Shanachie, Club du disque Arabe, Debs are some of the many record companies behind the world's major production. In this lecture, Said will tell us about the different roles of the record companies in the success of world music.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

80´s - THE BIG BOOM

It’s during the 80's that many things happened witch has precipitate the interests and rise of music from other countries, specially Africa.
Many artists from Africa and the Caribbean moved to the Europeans capitals looking for better carrier, as Pierre Akendengue, Touré kunda, Salif Keita, Papa Wemba etc.. Several nda, kassav, sunny Ade, salif keita, got gold awards

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RADIO NOVA - BBC

It was in the 80's that a number of festival programmers, record producers, bookers and musicians were interested in highlighting and spreading the music they discovered and fell in love with. Through the media coverage, especially the Actuel magazine, the newspaper Libération and Radio Nova in France, as well as the BBC 1, DJs like Charlie Gillett, Andy Kershaw, Lucy Duran, John Peel, Alexis Corner, Verity Sharp, got the world music a hoax and eventually one acknowledged a name and a place in the disc shelves .. Said has interviewed some important actors from Radio Nova, BBC, Rfi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE EMPRESS OF RUSSIA MEETING

In In 1987, the concept of world music was chosen for marketing purposes at a pub in London. Said visited the pub "The Empress of Russia" and has been able to interview most of the participants from the historic meeting of Ben Mandelson, Roger Armstrong, Thomas Brooman, Steve Haddrell, Mark Kidel, Ian A. Anderson, Mary Farquharson, Nick Gold, Iain Scott , Robert Urbanus and Joe Boyd. Said tells about the meeting with the participants and the story behind the creation of the term.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WOMEX

WOMEX (World Music Expo) is the world's largest fair for folk and world music. It started in 1994 and takes place every year in any European country. Previous locations for WOMEX have been: Berlin (1994, 1999, 2000), Brussels (1995), Marseille (1997), Stockholm (1998), Rotterdam (2001), Essen (2002, 2004), Newcastle upon Tyne Seville (2003, 2006, 2007, 2008), Copenhagen (2009, 2010, 2011), Thessaloniki (2012) and Cardiff (2013), Santiago de Compostela (2014), Budapest (2015), Santiago de Compostela Spain (2016) Katowice, Poland (2017). Said tells more about the fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIFFERENT GENRES

There are several hundred different genres of world music. Afro, Samba, Salsa, Balkan, Rai, Rumba, Flamenco, Fado, Bollywood, Bhangra, belly dance are the most common. Said makes an overview of them different genres and the countries from which they come from

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAMOUS ARTISTS

An overview of the major world music artists and their successes. From the legend Oum Kaltoum to queen of Fado Amalia Rodrigues, Fairuz, Ravi Shankar, Viktor Jara, Manu Dibango, Fela Kuti, Youssou Ndour, Celia Cruz, Meriam Makeba, Paco de Lucia, Mikhis Theodorakis , Meriam Makeba, Tinariwen & more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BEST WORLD MUSIC RECORDS

A overview of some of the best-selling world music records.

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MATERIAL

• Screening
• Listening to some music styles
• Presentation of various musical instruments