LECTURE WORLD MUSIC
With help of interviews from those who coined the term world music 1987 in London and other music experts as promotors, journalists, Said developp in his lecture the reel sens of the world music and gives us a short summary about the history of the world music. This lecture is prepared easily for school children. A long and deep work about the story of music you can find it in the link CONTRIBUTION
Here is a summary of the various stages that led to the creation of the WORLD MUSIC concept, based on my own research and interviews
THE CONCEPT WORLD MUSIC
The music has been around the world for over a thousand years. Each country or region in this world had its own specific term, which was limited in the region itself. The music was present but did not just reach out to the people. The term "World Music" opened the doors of world music to each other.
Jesse Walter Fewkes - The first field recording, 1890
Many expeditions and recordings were made in the early 1900s in Africa and the Caribbean by French, English and American musicologists. One of the earliest recordings known was made by James Mooney, who recorded various natives American ghost dances on the 15 mars 1894.
ETHNOMUSICOLOGY - PART 1
Many expeditions and recordings were made in the early 1900s in Africa and the Caribbean by French, English and American musicologists. One of the earliest recordings known is the Native American Ghost Dance in 1894. recorded by James Mooney. Many other recordings were later made by other musicologists such as Laura Crayton Boulton, Noël Ballif, Henri Lhote, Gilberd Rouget, Pierre Gaisseau, etc.
India's first disc had Gauhar Jaan recorded on 2 november 1902, by Fred Gaisberg, an assistant to Emile Berliner, the father of Gramophone record, who left America to become the first recording engineer with the Gramophone Company, London. It was the start of a long history of world music.
Alan Lomax & Paul Bowles, Bela Bartok - The pionniers
They recorded the shamanic chants of the Siberian rim; the dying folk music of isolated European villagers; the ecstatic gamelon sounds of Bali; the trance drumming of Africa. They lugged their ponderous gear into the high Andes and to remote pacific islands. Some of their names are well-known as Paul Bowles, Alan Lomax, Bela Bartok, Gilbert Rouget, Ida Halpern, Henry Cowell, Henrietta Yurchenco, laura Boulton, others are unknown and unsung. They did more than bring back sound. They brought back adventure; they broadened the idea of what music meant and what culture could produce. These musics will attract the attention of European producers in the 80´ and will be marketed under the label world music in july 1987.
60 - 70´S
The 60's and 70's were the independence years for the majority of the countries in Western Africa. The euphoria of this independence led to the creation of modern urban music such as highlife, afro-beat, jujumusic in Nigeria and Ghana, rumba in the Congo, and Salsa in Senegal, as well as the emergence of national orchestras as the Star Band de Dakar (from Senegal), the Rail Band (Mali), Bembeya Jazz National (Guinea), Grand Kalle and l’African Jazz, O.K. Jazz, and Tabu Ley’s African Fiesta.
The 60's and 70's were also the period of Tropicalia in Brazil, New York's salsa and Reggae in Jamaica. It was also the Beatles and Rolling Stones trip to India & Morocco and their collaboration with Ravi Shankar & The Master of Jajouka
BEATLES & STONES
Brian Jones with the Rolling Stones, Georges Harrison with the Beatles, Mike Hart, Robert Plant, Don Cherry are few of the long list of musicians who in the 70s were first to give attention to music from India, Africa and the Caribbean through their collaboration with the master of sitar Ravi Shankar, the master of Joujouka from Morocco.
AFRICA FÊTE - MAMADOU KONTÉ
Mamadou Konté founded the Africa Fête music festival in 1978 in France. Its the first major international music festival that showcased established and emerging African musical artists in France. Touré kunda, Xalam, Djamal Allem, Pierre Akendengué, Toto Bissain, Xalam, Abdullah Ibrahim (Dollar Brand), Manu Dibango and Aswad were among the first artists revealed to the French public.
BOB MARLEY THE MESSAGER OF THE WORLD MUSIC
When reggae emerged in the late 1960s, it came as a cultural bombshell not only to Jamaica but to the whole world. Reggae music whose Bob Marley was the flag bearer has influenced and inspired societies throughout the world, contributing to the development of new counter-culture movements. particularly in Europe, in the USA and Africa.
Bob became the spokesperson for millions av oppressed people around the world. His participation for the celebration of the Zimbabwe independance, His concert with Stevie wonder for the blind charity, his concert for the recociliation between the two presidents rival in Jamaica testify to his good will for a world of justice and equality
LES TOURE KUNDA - FELA KUTI
The Touré Kunda made in their album Emma 1982, a mix of african music, funk, disco and reggae that was rather more accessible… for rock, jazz, and pop public in France. This caused a breakthrough and a movement to a new audience was born. This mix got a big success and resulted in Touré Kunda's first gold record. Fela kuti from Nigeria gathered one year before 9000 pers in the Hippodrom de Pantin.
WOMAD & FESTIVAL DES MUSIQUES MÉTISSES
WOMAD (World of Music, Arts and Dance) is the largest international music fair founded in 1980 in London, and became the first world music festival in 1982 , after Africa fête to open its doors to artists from Africa, Asia as well as the festival Musiques Mêtisses in France. Said has interviewed Thomas Brooman and Gilbert Mousset, the key actors behind the creation of Womad and the Festival Mêtisses.
Syllard productions, World circuit, Real world, Sonodisc, Sonima, Fania, Stern's music, Shanachie, Club du disque Arabe, Debs are few of the many record companies, that emerged in the 80´s. In this lecture, Said will explain and talk about the different record companies and there role in the emergence of world music.
80´s - THE BIG BANG
It’s during the 80's that the world music really exploded. Many musical and cultural events has happened. Many artists from Africa and the Caribbean moved to the European capitals looking for better carrier, as Pierre Akendengue, Touré kunda, Salif Keita, Papa Wemba. Kassav, Sunny Ade, Salif keita, Manu Dibango, Osibisa etc.. It was during that period that the Europeen producers startade producing and promoting the music from others countries, particurlaly from Africa in the beginning.
RADIO NOVA - BBC
The 80's saw the emergence of several festivals, new record producers, promoters, musicians and journalists. They were interested in highlighting and spreading the music they discovered and fell in love with. The French magazine Actuel, the newspaper Libération and Radio Nova from the French side. The BBC 1, DJs Charlie Gillett, Andy Kershaw, Lucy Duran, John Peel, Alexis Corner, Verity Sharp and the list is long, from the English side made discover the african and Asian music to the western audiance.
THE EMPRESS OF RUSSIA MEETING
In 1987, the concept of world music was chosen for marketing purpose during a meeting at the Empress of Russia pub in London. Eva and Said founded and visited the pub and managed to interview most of the participants in this meeting as Ben Mandelson, Roger Armstrong, Thomas Brooman, Steve Haddrell, Mark Kidel, Ian A. Anderson, Mary Farquharson, Nick Gold, Iain Scott , Robert Urbanus and Joe Boyd. Said tells about the story behind the creation of the term.
WOMEX (World Music Expo) is the world's largest fair for folk and world music. It started in 1994 and takes place every year in any European country. Previous locations for WOMEX have been: Berlin (1994, 1999, 2000), Brussels (1995), Marseille (1997), Stockholm (1998), Rotterdam (2001), Essen (2002, 2004), Newcastle upon Tyne Seville (2003, 2006, 2007, 2008), Copenhagen (2009, 2010, 2011), Thessaloniki (2012) and Cardiff (2013), Santiago de Compostela (2014), Budapest (2015), Santiago de Compostela Spain (2016) Katowice, Poland (2017). Said tells more about the fair.
DIFFERENT MUSIC GENRES
There are several hundreds of different genres of world music. Afro, Samba, Salsa, Balkan, Rai, Rumba, Flamenco, Fado, Bollywood, Bhangra, belly dance are the most common. Said makes an overview of the different genres and the countries from where they come from.
An overview of the major world music artists and their successes. Oum Kaltoum, Amalia Rodrigues, Fairuz, Ravi Shankar, Viktor Jara, Manu Dibango, Fela Kuti, Youssou Ndour, Celia Cruz, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Cesaria Evaora, Meriam Makeba, Paco de Lucia, Mikhis Theodorakis, Caetano Veloso, Elis Regina, Gilberto Gil, Youssou Ndour, Cheb Khaled, Astor Piazzola, Franco, Salif Keita, Tinariwen are few of the long list of great world music artists.
A overview of some of the best-selling world music records. Buana Vista social Club, Gotan Project ( La revancha del Tango ), Manu Chao ( Clandestino ), Youssou Ndour ( 7 seconds ) , Ali Farka Touré - Ry Cooder, Nusrath Fatah Ali Khan ( Must Must ), Cesaria Evaora ( Sodad ) Khaled ( Didi ) Rachid Taha ( Ya Rayah ), Meriam Makeba ( Pata, Pata ), Manu Dibango ( Soul Makossa )
• Listening to some music styles
• Presentation of various musical instruments
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